LED Lighting

These are very small but relatively bright for their size and have a life often in excess of 50,000 hours.

LED is yet to break the market in a large way but it is only a matter of time until it becomes a major light source.

Currently, they are very popular for outdoor lighting or garden lighting along with kitchen lighting for undercabinet or undershelf lighting plus for feature lighting in the home.

Energy Lighting

Energy Saving Bulbs use roughly 20% of the power of traditional incandescent bulbs and can last up to 5 times longer

They are perfect to use in areas where light needs to be provided for large periods of time such as an outdoor garden light or overnight light. They use gases instead of a filament used by incandescent & halogens.

They come in all shapes & sizes ranging from the stick type to the light bulb or candle bulb shapes, most of these are available in the four main bases or caps; Edison Screw, Small Edison Screw, Bayonet Cap, & Small Bayonet Cap. There are also ‘dedicated’ versions of Energy Saving bulbs meaning that they have their own special fittings, usually ‘pins’, such as 2-pins and 4-pins.

Incandescent Lighting

Generally, good quality light bulbs should last an average life of 1000 hours.

The Light Bulb (GLS) – Traditional light bulb
The Candle Bulb – In the shape of a candle
Golf or Round Bulbs – Small, round bulbs.

These bulbs come in four main bases or caps:
Bayonet (BC), Small Bayonet (SBC), Edison Screw (ES) & Small Edison Screw (SES)

These bulbs come in clear or frosted, for a chandelier or where the bulb is visible it is wise to use clear bulbs.

Halogen Lighting

Halogen bulbs are more efficient then incandescent bulbs, meaning that you save energy, they also last twice as long.

A slight downside though is that they produce a lot more heat.
There are two types of halogen lamps on the market; mains voltage & low voltage:
Low Voltage bulbs use 12V (Volts) which means that a transformer must be used, generally on a light fitting the transformer will be provided and fitted inside the light, but on certain fittings such as low voltage recessed down lights for the kitchen, bathroom, etc, the transformer will need to be fitted separate from the fitting.

Mains Voltage bulbs that run off 240V. Mains Voltage Halogens give the advantage of having halogen without the need of transformers.